Introduction to Qualitative Research: Seminar series for PhD students

July 14, 3:00 pm

                                           School of Nursing Sciences
                                                 University of Nairobi

Introduction to Qualitative Research: Seminar series for PhD students

Dates: Tuesdays, July 14 to August 11th, 2020)
Time: 8-9:30 am EST (Boston Time)/3-4:30pm EAT (Kenya Time)
Link and details for the Zoom meeting available for students only

Course instructors:
Monica Adhiambo Onyango, RNM, RCHN DAN, MPH, MSN, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor
Boston University School of Public Health
Department of Global Health

Miriam C. A. Wagoro, RN, RPN, RM, RCHN, DAN, BScN, MScN PGDip, PhD
Clinical Mental Health Nurse & International Research Ethics Specialist
Director, School of Nursing Sciences
University of Nairobi

Eunice Omondi Akinyi Omondi

Description: Research involves a systematic approach to discovery often through a process of testing presumptions. This
process begins with deciding on a research question, conducting a literature review and deciding on a research design
which addresses the research question. Decisions made at this point include considering what kind of data will be collected,
how they will be collected, who will be invited to participate and how the data will be analyzed. One of the research
methodologies is Qualitative Research. This seminar introduces students to qualitative approaches, data collection and
analysis methods. Students will have opportunity to design qualitative research questions, study guides, practice qualitative
interviewing and data analysis.
This seminar is designed with an assumption that the participants have general basic knowledge and skills in developing a
research protocol including: Introduction, background/Significance, study rationale, purpose, research questions, objectives
and methods. This seminar id developed to focus on basic fundamentals of qualitative research.

Week 1: 14 JULY 2020 - Introduction to Qualitative Research
Session Objectives:
 Define qualitative research.
 Compare and contrast quantitative and qualitative methods
 Describe the uses of qualitative research design.
 Discuss the different types of qualitative approaches

 Definition of Qualitative research
 Difference between qualitative and quantitative study designs
 Uses of qualitative research design
 The different qualitative approaches
o Qualitative Descriptive
o Grounded Theory
o Ethnography
o Phenomenology
o Case Studies
Required Readings:
 Mohajan, HK. (2018). Qualitative Research Methodology in Social Sciences and Related Subjects. Journal of

Economic Development, Environment and People, Vol-7, Issue 01, 2018. Available at: https://mpra.ub.uni-

 Jameel et al (2018). Introduction to Qualitative Research for Novice Investigators. URNCST Journal (2018): Volume
2, Issue 6 Page 1 of 6. DOI Link: Available at:
ors ( Read pages 1-3 for this session)

All required readings are posted here:

Week 2: 21 JULY 2020 - Techniques of Qualitative Data Collection
Session Objectives:

 Discuss selected methods of qualitative data collection
 Design qualitative research questions
 Describe common types of qualitative sampling methods
 Develop a qualitative study guide (questionnaire)
 Practice and demonstrate techniques of qualitative interviewing

 Selected methods for qualitative data collection
 In-depth Interviews
 Key Informant Interviews
 Focus Group Discussions
 Observation
 Sampling: Purposive sampling, Quota sampling, Snowball Sampling
 Types of qualitative questions (Open vs closed ended; leading vs non-leading questions)
 Use of probes in qualitative interviews
 Techniques of data collection (written descriptions and audio recording)
 Prepare for qualitative interviews (individual and FGDs)

o Materials needed

Required Readings:
Jameel et al (2018). Introduction to Qualitative Research for Novice Investigators. URNCST Journal (2018): Volume 2,
Issue 6. DOI Link: Available at: (
Read pages 3-6 for this session)
Albine Moser & Irene Korstjens (2018) Series: Practical guidance to qualitative
research. Part 3: Sampling, data collection and analysis, European Journal of General Practice,
24:1, 9-18, DOI: 10.1080/13814788.2017.1375091. Available at: (Read Page 1-8 for this session)

All required readings are posted here:

Week 3: 28 JULY 2020 - Qualitative Data Analysis
Session Objectives

 Describe the key principles and features of qualitative analysis.
 Explain the steps to analyzing qualitative data.
 Explain how to ensure validity and reliability of qualitative data

 Data Translation and transcription
 Qualitative Data Analysis:
 What constitutes qualitative data?
 Content analysis
 Inductive vs deductive analysis
 Data coding
 Interpretation of data
 Quality and rigor (validity & reliability) in qualitative studies: Credibility (internal validity), transferability (external
validity), Dependability (reliability), Conformability (objectivity)
Practice data coding and analysis
 Using existing transcripts, students will practice qualitative data coding and analysis in small groups. They will be
expected to generate codes from the transcripts and share with the larger group. The instructors will compare the
students’ codes with the code book.

Required Readings
 Albine Moser & Irene Korstjens (2018) Series: Practical guidance to qualitative research. Part 3: Sampling, data
collection and analysis, European Journal of General Practice,24:1, 9-18, DOI: 10.1080/13814788.2017.1375091.
Available at: (Read Page 8-11 for
this session)
 Sutton, J. & Austin, Z. (2015). Qualitative Research: Data Collection, Analysis, and Management. Can J Hosp
Pharm. : 68(3): 226–231.doi: 10.4212/cjhp.v68i3.1456. Available at:
 Erlingsson, C., & Brysiewicz, P. (2017). A hands-on guide to doing content analysis. African Journal of Emergency
Medicine 7, 93–99. Available at:

All required readings are posted here:

Week 4: 4 AUGUST 2020 - Introduction to Nvivo Software for qualitative data Analysis
Session Objective:

 Explore the use of Nvivo software for qualitative analysis
Students will be introduced to Nvivo software for qualitative data analysis. Depending on whether Nvivo software is
available, students will get a chance to do some handson practice.
Nvivo: Available at:

WEEK 5: 11 AUGUST 2020 - Nursing Research-authorship and publishing, End of Seminar Evaluations
Session Objective

 Discuss the role of partnerships in research
 Discuss author-ship in publications
 End of Seminar Evaluation.
In this session, students will discuss considerations for partnerships and collaborations in research and
publications. How to negotiate authorship in a partnership. Ensuring that the partnership is bi-directional and
authentic towards building the nursing profession in Kenya.

Practice: Designing A Qualitative Interview Guide

Think of a research project you have been working on. You have identified a topic and research questions. This exercise

requires you to design qualitative study questions and guides to answer those research questions using individual face-to-
face in-depth interviews. This exercise is intended to give you the opportunity to practice designing qualitative study instruments.


1. For your research, write the problem statement and the study questions that you are attempting to answer using in-
depth interviews (IDIs)

2. Describe the target population for your interviews and justification for targeting this population. Why is qualitative
study design necessary and appropriate for this project?
3. Develop an interview guide for individual face-to-face in-depth interviews to answer the study questions developed
above for your research project.
4. The study tool should have no less than 5 questions and no more than 10 main questions. Each question should
include at least three possible probes

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